Lemons are small to medium fruits. The peel is generally pale to bright yellow and bears many small, fragrant oil glands, creating a glossy, finely pitted surface texture. Underneath, the pale-yellow flesh is filled with juice and pulp, and some seeds. Lemons are known for their complex, bright, and acidic flavors with floral, sweet-tart, and tangy undertones. Lemons are an excellent source of fiber and vitamin C. The fruits are also a good source of potassium, copper, vitamin B6, calcium, magnesium, and iron. In addition to vitamins and minerals, Lemons have been used in traditional medicines as a natural diuretic, bleaching agent, and as a protective medicine against some infections and diseases.